Thursday, December 20, 2007

A Brief Biography of Pinto Colvig

Oregon's pastoral Rogue Valley, the home of Matinee At The Bijou, is much better known for pear orchards than showbiz, but MATB is far from Southern Oregon's first brush with the big time.

Vance DeBar Colvig was just one local product to make a significant impact on the entertainment industry. Born in nearby Jacksonville in 1892, his schoolboy compatriots, inspired by young Vance’s abundant freckles, dubbed him “Pinto, the human leopard.” The freckles eventually faded, but the name stuck and helped launch Colvig on a trajectory that would leave an impact on several of the lively arts.

After attending Oregon Agricultural College in Corvallis, Pinto’s first of many careers was with the circus, performing as a clown and "squeaky clarinet player." Pinto then found work as a newspaper cartoonist, first in Nevada, later with the San Francisco Bulletin and Chronicle, which led to a partnership producing animated cartoons. In 1915 his Animated Films Corporation produced the world’s first feature-length cartoon, “Creation.”

AFC didn’t survive World War I, so Pinto began his own studio; Encyclopedia Brittanica credits him with the world's first color cartoon, 1919’s "Pinto's Prizma Comedy Review." In Southern California in 1928 Pinto and Walter Lantz produced one of the world’s first talking cartoons, "Blue Notes," with Bolivar the Talking Ostrich. All three cartoons are now apparently lost, though five frames of “Creation” survive among Pinto's papers at the Southern Oregon Historical Society.

1924 had brought Pinto to Hollywood and live film. Pinto worked as a gag man, scenarist and title writer for Mack Sennett, Jack White, Harold Lloyd and many others; he also often appeared before the silent camera in small comic roles. Then, as Pinto tells it, Mack Sennett gave him the go-ahead to a suggestion for a cartoon gag in one of his short subjects. This introduced animation into live-action comedy and brought Pinto back to pen and ink, hand-drawing explosions or swarms of bees onto frames of celluloid to bedevil the live comedians.

The advent of sound drove Pinto from silent comedy to Walt Disney Studios, where he continued as a gag man, co-wrote “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf,” and found yet a new career in sound effects and character voices. He barked for Pluto and spoke for the Practical Pig, Grumpy and Sleepy, and was the voice of Goofy for the next thirty-five years. Pinto also voiced Popeye’s Bluto for Fleischer Studios and for decades produced a broad range of freelance voice work for radio, cartoons and film. Several Munchkins in “The Wizard of Oz” speak and sing in Pinto Colvig’s voice, including the one who sounds exactly like his Gabby from Fleischer’s “Gulliver’s Travels.”

In 1946 Walter Livingston contracted Pinto to write and record the original Bozo the Clown record albums; three years later he starred as the first TV Bozo, on KTTV in Los Angeles. The distinctive voice and delivery used by every Bozo since (including Pinto’s son, Vance Jr., who took up the role in 1959) has been in imitation of Pinto Colvig.

As a side note, in 1906 Pinto’s father decided to move the five miles from Jacksonville to the burgeoning town of Medford. Pinto was 14 and about to graduate from elementary school, so Judge Colvig bought a house across the street from the high school. He hadn’t anticipated, though, that his son would fail the required high school entrance exam--miserably. So at the age of 14 Pinto was a free man: His father was rich and powerful, he had no responsibilities, and he was living in the largest town in the area. Young Pinto became well-known in Medford; among the many he befriended was Frank Willeke, the railroad flagman on Main Street. Willeke was mildly retarded and universally described as the happiest man in town; Pinto later said that he “admired his simplicity.” Decades later Pinto told Walt Disney of his friend and imitated his distinctive laugh, and Medford’s Frank Willeke became the inspiration and model for Goofy.

Pinto left his mark on Medford literally, as well: On a brick of the old railroad station is Pinto’s name along with an arrow pointing toward Jacksonville, written in ink in a strangely familiar style. The handwriting is that of the Walt Disney logo—which itself is drawn in the hand lettering Pinto had used since his youth. After the adoption of that logo, Walt Disney himself had to learn to imitate Pinto Colvig’s penmanship to sign his own autographs.


Anonymous said...

Vance Colvig is the great-great-grandson of a Greek Woman. No Joking! Believe it or not, Colvig is part Greek!

Anonymous said...

Explanation of Pinto Colvig's Greek ancestry:
Zelesta Lyngae (Greek woman)
Jacob Lyngae Colvig
William Lyngae Colvig
William Mason Colvig
Vance DeBar "Bozo" Colvig

bozologist said...


Famous Bozo "The Capitol Clown" is turning 64!' Originally created by Alan W. Livingston for Capitol Records with kiddie photo album “Bozo at the Circus” released in October 1946, a new book entitled The Bozo Chronicles celebrates his origin and history for his worldwide fans. See:
A Google search will give more info about The Bozo Chronicles and the official website.

SImon O'Corra said...

I would love to be able to use the image of the animation studio circa 1916 for my upcoming celebration of all things ordinary from the Great War


BijouBob said...

Simon - hopefully the image is pd by now or the fair use doctrine would apply. The post was written by Ben Truwe, a local historian and authority on Pinto Colvig. Try emailing Ben to inquire if he can help determine more info on the photo. Good luck with your project!

BijouBob said...

Simon -- OOoops! Forgot to give you Ben's email address: